Different Types of Healthcare Providers

As you all already know, without healthcare providers, a hospital, clinic, or any other healthcare setting won’t be able to function.

But, do you know what and who the different types of healthcare providers are? Are you interested in learning about it?

If so, you have arrived in the right place! In this blog, I have explained the different types of healthcare providers in detail.

Topics to be covered in this blog:

       Who are the healthcare providers?

       Different types of healthcare providers




       Obstetricians and Gynecologists


Who are the healthcare providers?


Before diving into the different types of healthcare providers, I will quickly explain who the healthcare providers are.

Healthcare providers are those who treat, diagnose, and take care of people. They play an essential role in healthcare settings; to an extent, a healthcare setting won’t be able to function without them.

So, generally, any kind of medical-related service is provided by a healthcare provider.

Different types of healthcare providers

There are various types of healthcare providers, each performing different functions. I have explained the types below.     


A physician is a professional who has earned his medical degree and practices medicine. Also, he is accepted as a practitioner of medicine under the law of a nation/state/province.

Physicians treat and diagnose patients, prescribe medications, monitor the health, answer the patient’s queries and his family, etc. In general, physicians offer non-surgical treatment and care to the patients.

Note: The meaning of physician differs from place to place. In some regions, ‘doctor’ is the name that people use to describe physicians.

A physician can specialize in several specialties. Some of the popular specializations of physicians include:


       Family physician





I have explained the popular specializations of physicians below.


Pediatricians treat and specialize in children up to the age of 18. The following are the activities performed by a pediatrician.

       Give children immunizations.

       Answer the queries of parents regarding a child’s health.

       Treat the children when they are sick.

       Examine children physically to check on their health and physical development.

       Educate parents regarding the children’s food habits, disease preventive measures, etc.

Family physician

A family physician is trained and educated in family-related things. This can include behavioral or social problems.

Unlike other physicians, regardless of age, issues, and illness, family physicians treat many patients. Be noted that family physicians do not treat diseases; instead, they take care and provide solutions to the patients.


Psychiatrists are physicians who deal with the mental health field. They treat behavioral, mental, and emotional disorders. The following are the activities performed by a psychiatrist. Be noted that the actions performed by psychiatrists highly depend on the patient’s symptoms.

       Examine the patients regarding the symptoms.

       Perform various lab tests.

       Go on counseling sessions with patients.

       Medicate the patients.


As you all already know, surgeons are those who operate and perform surgery on patients.

Surgeons operate on patients to treat an injury, disease, body parts malfunctioning, etc. Surgeries usually take place in surgical rooms with some doctors and nurses. The healthcare workers in the surgical room ensure that the surgery finishes successfully.


Gastroenterologists are physicians who deal with the branch of medicine related to the digestive system. This includes, but is not limited to, the pancreas, small intestine, esophagus, liver, bile ducts, etc.

When a patient pays a gastroenterologist visit, they will inquire the patient about the issues they face. Depending on the symptoms, they will administer medicine and treat the patients.


Ophthalmologists specialize in eye care.

An ophthalmologist diagnoses and treats various eye-related issues, prescribes spectacles for patients, prescribes the lens power according to the eye-sight defect, and performs surgeries. 

Be noted that ophthalmologists are different from optometrists and opticians.


A nurse treats illness, cares for the patients, addresses their queries, promotes health, etc. In many cases, they work under the supervision of a physician/doctor.

However, some kinds of nurses like Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) are allowed to work without physician’s supervision in many places.

Some of the popular types of nurses in the healthcare system include:

       Registered Nurse (RN)

       Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)

Registered Nurse (RN)

The following are some of the activities performed by a registered nurse:

       Observe the patient’s health and take necessary actions.

       Check the patient’s blood pressure, administer medications, etc.

       Assist physicians/doctors during medical emergency situations.

       Administer injections. 

Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)

A licensed practical nurse performs duties pretty similar to that of a registered nurse. However, they don’t possess the same level of authority as a registered nurse. Also, they are restricted from performing certain activities like administering injections. The following are some of the activities performed by a licensed practical nurse:

       Treat the patients.

       Assist during the first-aid situation.

       Interact with the patient and the patient’s family regarding the health of the patient.

Besides registered nurses and licensed practical nurses, other types of nurses such as nurse practitioners, nurse educators, oncology registered nurses, nurse supervisors, and many more… play a vital role as healthcare providers.


Pharmacists are healthcare providers involved in distributing and delivering medicines to patients. Also, they ensure that the medicines are preserved and stocked correctly.

Pharmacists have very high knowledge about medicines, and they can advise other healthcare workers and patients on the method of using the medications.

Pharmacists usually work in pharmacies, university pharmacists, hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare centers.

Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Obstetricians and Gynecologists deal with female pregnancy and female-related issues.

Obstetrics (OB) involves care during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediate care after pregnancy.

Gynecology (GYN) involves the care and treatment of all female-related issues.

OBs and GYNs work in hospitals, healthcare settings, etc.


I hope this blog gave you a detailed idea and understanding of the different types of healthcare providers.

Each healthcare professional specializes in a particular area, and all of them are essential for the proper functioning of a healthcare system.

If a hospital or any healthcare center lacks a specific healthcare worker, the hospitals will face some functioning issues.

Ok! I hope this blog was beneficial to you, and I hope you liked it.

Stay safe and take care!


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